Page 19 - South Asia BioBank Sample Health Report
P. 19

BLOOD PRESSURE                                 Your average blood pressure is            125/83                                    HEALTHY OR NORMAL

                                                                                                                                              BLOOD PRESSURE?

                                                                                                                                        Systolic: lower than 140 mmHg
            Blood pressure is the force at which the blood pushes against our blood vessel walls. High blood pressure (HBP) means       Diastolic: lower than 90 mmHg
            the pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be. Another name for high blood pressure is hypertension. Blood
            pressure is written as two numbers, such as 112/78 mm Hg. The top (systolic) number is the pressure generated when the
            heart contracts. The bottom (diastolic) number is the pressure when the heart is relaxed between contractions.

            High blood pressure usually has no signs or symptoms. That’s why it is so dangerous. But it can be managed. 7 million             LOW BLOOD
            people in the UK have high blood pressure and don’t know it. Not treating high blood pressure is dangerous. High                  PRESSURE?
            blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
                                                                                                                                        Systolic: lower than 90 mmHg
            AM I AT HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING HIGH BP? /WHY DO I HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?                                              Diastolic: lower than 60 mmHg
            There are risk factors that increase your chances of developing high blood pressure. Some you can control. Those that
            can be controlled are:
             Being obese or overweight
             High salt intake                                                                                                                 POSSIBLE RAISED
             High alcohol intake                                                                                                              BLOOD PRESSURE
             Not exercising enough
             Diabetes                                                                                                                   Systolic: between 140 and 180 mmHg
             Cigarette smoking and exposure to second hand smoke                                                                        Diastolic: between 90 and 110 mmHg

             Reach and maintain a healthy weight. Focus on reducing intake of sugars and refined starch.
             Reduce the amount of salt you have in your diet. 75% of the salt we eat is already added to our food so you should               SEVERELY ELEVATED
             aim for 1.5g/day.                                                                                                                BLOOD PRESSURE
             Limit your  alcohol intake to less than 14 units/week
             Be more physically active. Aim for 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity or at least 75 minutes of           Systolic: higher than 180 mmHg
             vigorous physical activity per week, spread throughout the week.                                                           Diastolic: higher than 110 mmHg
             Don’t smoke and avoid second hand smoke.
             Take blood pressure medication as advised
             Know what your blood pressure should be and work to keep it at that level.
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